Jiri Pelikan (1923–1999) was the head of the Czech Students’ Union and later served in the Central Committee and parliamentary group of the Czech Communist Party. He was a prominent actor in the movement that culminated in the Prague Spring of 1967–68. In his later years in exile, Pelikan published the émigré magazine Listy, and collaborated with Charter 77. His struggle for socialist reform in Czechoslovakia made him the target of a letter-bomb attack and a kidnap attempt. From 1979 to 1989, he sat for the Italian Socialist Party in the European Parliament.