The forms anti-Semitism takes today in France are very varied, and often have little or nothing in common. Since the Second World War, anti-Semitism has no longer been supported in France by a certain abject consensus (which in the 1930s was even shared by many celebrated writers, such as Céline). It persists in the form of disparate minorities, some publicly active, others concealed.
Verso author Esther Benbassa is a Franco-Turkish-Israeli member of the French senate and a leading voice in comparative histories of minorities. Below is a translation of her discussion of the turmoil in the Middle East and the response of Europe, original published in Le Huffington Post.