In late 1966, Stokely Carmichael was arrested during a Mississippi rally in the aftermath of the Selma campaign. On his release, he advocated Black Power, representing a break with the theory of nonviolent resistance. Strongly influenced by the work of Frantz Fanon and his landmark book Wretched of the Earth, along with others such as Malcolm X, Carmichael led SNCC to become more radical. He resigned as chairman in May 1967 and became more closely aligned with the Black Panther Party. To celebrate the anniversary of his birth, we publish the text of his speech delivered at the University of California at Berkeley expounding on his aims forty-nine years ago in October 1966.