Antichrist in Seventeenth-Century England

Antichrist in Seventeenth-Century England

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“Arguably [Hill’s] most flawless achievement.” —Times Literary Supplement

In the centuries following the Reformation, Antichrist—the biblical Beast, whose coming was to precede the end of the world and the coming of Christ’s kingdom—was an intensely real figure. The debate raged as to who this Antichrist, whose downfall was now at hand, might be. Was he the Pope? Bishops? A state church? The monarchy? Or was it just a term of abuse to be hurled at anybody one disliked?
Christopher Hill, one of Britain’s most distinguished historians, here reconstructs the significance of Antichrist during the revolutionary crises of the early seventeenth century. Radical Protestant sects applied the term—a name synonymous with repression and persecution—to those Establishment institutions of which they disapproved; in particular, the Pope. Then, with that revolution in thought which resulted in the separation of religion from politics, the figure of Antichrist lost its significance.


  • If any undergraduate wishes to work on the connection between Puritanism and revolution, this should be the first book on his bibliography.

    Conrad RussellHistory
  • Here is good vintage Hill, daring to take seriously eccentric-sounding subjects, and never making the crude mistake of underestimating the genuine religious basis of dissent.

    Bernard CrickNew Statesman
  • Arguably his most flawless achievement—an inspiring lesson in scholarship, writing and interpretation.

    Times Literary Supplement