Philippe Askenazy is a specialist of labour and employment relations. He is a senior economist at the French National Center for Scientific Research, and fellow of NIESR (London) and IZA (Bonn). He is also columnist for Le Monde. He is the co-initiator of the collective called the "Appalled Economists", a group aiming to stimulate collective thinking and public expression of economists who do not resign themselves to the predominant neoliberal orthodox doctrine”. His “Manifesto of the Appalled Economists” published in 2010 with three co-authors was translated in dozens of languages in Europe and Asia.