Saul Friedländer is an award-winning Israeli-American historian and professor of history (emeritus) at UCLA. He was born in Prague to a family of German-speaking Jews, grew up in France, and lived in hiding during the Nazi occupation of 1940–44. He left for Israel in 1948. A recipient of the Israel Prize, the country’s highest cultural honour, he is the author of the standard two-volume history of the Holocaust, Years of Persecution and Years of Extermination, which won a Pulitzer in 2008. His recent books include Proustian Uncertainties and a memoir, Where Memory Leads. He lives in California.